The Capital of China and one of the biggest cities in the world, Beijing is the country’s political, cultural, and higher education center. The founding of the city dates back three thousand years and is the last of the four great ancient capitals of China. Its airport, the Beijing Capital International Airport, is the second busiest in the world. Among the modern skyscrapers, Beijing is most known for its gardens, temples, tombs, and walled palaces.
Beijing is located on the northern tip of the North China Plain with mountains to the north, northwest, and west that shield the city from the stifling heat of the desert. Beijing’s terrain is flat, hilly, and mountainous with three rivers cutting through it: the Chaobai, Yongding, and Juma, which are all tributaries from the Hair River. Along the northern part of the Beijing Municipality runs the world renowned Great Wall of China. Beijing experiences a humid continental climate, noted by hot, humid summers and mostly cold, windy, and dry winters.
The economy of Beijing is highly developed, with the tertiary industry accounting for almost three-quarters of its GDP. Beijing was the first post-industrial city in mainland China, and in 2010 its GDP reached $223 billion. A magnate for fortune 500 companies, 41 are located here, which is the second most in the world behind Tokyo, and its overall economic influence has been ranked first in the world by leading publications. A city built on industry, it has since shifted to service and technology, and real estate and automobile sectors have been booming in recent years.
In the last decade Beijing’s population has increased greatly, by nearly 45% to be exact. The majority of the residents of Beijing are Han Chinese with ethnic minorities Manchu, Hu, and Mongol. In recent years there has been in influx of Koreans and other internationals. The language most commonly spoken is the Beijing dialect of Mandarin Chinese, though English is widely used, especially in business.
As the historical heart of Beijing, the Forbidden City is a giant compound that once housed the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties of ancient China. Now it is a palace museum and imperial gardens that are very important to the Chinese people and their history. Peking Opera, the traditional Chinese Theatre, is performed here in Beijing, and there are over one hundred museums including the National Museum of China, the National Art Museum, and the Capital Museum. Beijing does indeed have a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Temple of Heaven: three buildings and a large square where a community prayer for good harvest used to take place.
With a stunning mix of old and new, Beijing has something to offer everyone. Be sure and contact I Love Moving for all your international moving to Beijing needs and make sure all your belongings arrive on time and in the exact condition you shipped them in!